The organization of the American First Army on the eve of Operation COBRA is pictured here. 2nd Mountain Division 3. All information, figures, specifications and statistics used here had been compiled from a variety of sources and the large, over decades collected, library of the author about military history, WW2 and weapons. This is a list of German Army Groups in World War II. The artillery regiment was divided into three field artillery Abteilung (sections), each with three batteries of four 105 mm leFH 18 field guns. Development of the number of divisions up to 1941, German Orders of Battle for September 1, 1939, German Orders of Battle for the campaign in the West, May 1940, German Orders of Battle – Operation Barbarossa, 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte-SS-Adolf Hitler, 9th SS Hohenstaufen from Arnhem to the end, Finnish Armed Forces in the Winter War 1939-40, German Orders of Battle – Battle of France, German Orders of Battle – Kursk July 1943, German Orders of Battle at the armistice with France, Luftwaffe and German Airborne Forces May 1940, Luftwaffe Orders of Battle September 1942, Luftwaffe Orders of Battle September 2, 1939. The List of World War II military units of Germany contains all military units to serve with the armed forces of Germany during World War II. Major units above corps level are listed here. Organization of the Wehrmacht, Third Reich and Nazi Party with Power balance of Germany during WW2. Army Group Upper Rhine (Heeresgruppe Oberrhein) Army Group Vistula (Heeresgruppe Weichsel) Notes. Organization of the Wehrmacht. On January 12, 1945 Hitler renamed three army groups. THE GERMAN WORLD WAR II ORGANIZATIONAL SERIES Available now: 1/I: 01.09.1939: ... a discussion of tables of organization, a discussion of German organizational symbols, several pages depicting and explaining organizational symbols, an order of battle for the corresponding date, as well as a table explaining or translating the abbreviations used. These either are combined as components of battalions, regiments, and divisions, or temporarily grouped in varying combinations as components of task forces or combat groups. The Higher Headquarters parts cover the Army Group, Armies, and the various Corps. Its chief was Colonel General Keitel. They consisted of a tank regiment with two or three battalions of three companies each, a Panzergrenadier brigade of two or sometimes three regiments, an artillery regiment and the usual support units, including strong battalions of anti-tank and reconnaissance troops. In theory, the OKW was only Hitler's military office, was charged with translating Hitler's ideas into military orders, and had little real control … The management of the Army was the responsibility of the Army High Command, the Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH), which included the General Staff although it was the Supreme … Commonwealth Army World War II Militaria Medals & Ribbons (1939-1945) German Army World War II Militaria (1939-1945) Documents & Maps Go to next slide - You may also like German Army. "Army Group North" became "Army Group Courland", "Army Group Centre" became "Army Group North" and "Army Group A" became "Army … "Army Group North" became "Army Group Courland", "Army Group Centre" became "Army Group North" and "Army Group A" became "Army Group Centre". The German Army (German: Heer, German: (), lit. Another feature of the German army was the decentralization of heavy weapons within the division, so that each regiment had its own anti-tank and infantry gun companies. For more, read ‘Infantry Tactics of the Second World War’ by Stephen Bull and Gordon L Rottman, or ‘World War II Infantry Tactics: Squad and Platoon’ and ‘World War II Infantry Tactics: Company and Battalion’, both by Stephen Bull. Kriegsmarine The Nazi German Navy 1935-1945. After 1941 the OKH became the de facto Eastern Theatre higher-echelon command-organization for the Wehrmacht, excluding Waffen-SS except for operational and tactical combat purposes. 5. At that time there were two and a half million men in the German army, of which the Waffen-SS contributed about 100,000. The motorized infantry divisions were supposed to keep pace with the fast advancing tank divisions and were therefore completely equipped with motor vehicles. In March 1939, the Wehrmacht Supreme Command Oberkommando der Wehrmacht – or OKW for short – was founded to control the operations of the German armed forces . Please note: This post contains amazon affiliate links. The brigade consisted of two mounted cavalry regiments and a battalion with mounted artillery. Note that each of the four corps contained a different number of divisions. 'Army') was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it ceased to exist in 1945 and then formally dissolved in August 1946. In terms of organisation, the standard US Army battalion was similar to the British. Pistols are P08 (Parabellum). 32". Until 1939 there was only one cavalry formation in the German army, the 1st cavalry brigade. Originally, the German military high command, for their air warfare forces, decided to use an organizational structure similar to the army and navy, treating the aviation branch as a strategic weapon of war. In theory, it served as the military general staff for Adolf Hitler's Third Reich, coordinating the efforts of the German Army (Heer), Navy (Kriegsmarine), and Air Force (Luftwaffe). Reichswehr The German Imperial Army … back to PART I about the Wehrmacht Organization of the Wehrmacht In March 1939 the operational control of the Armed Forces was unified under the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW) whose chief was Generaloberst (Colonel- General) Keitel. Between 1933 and 1945, the organization of the Luftwaffe underwent several changes. In practice, however, the tank strength at the time of mobilization was clearly below this TOE strength and was on average around 320 vehicles strong. 12 3.7cm PAK 36 anti-tank guns, Army Commands (Oberbefehlshaber. Even in the Blitzkrieg there was still room for the cavalry, because on 25 October 1939 the brigade was renamed to the 1st cavalry division and strengthened in December with the 2nd cavalry brigade. Later, however, it became an integral part of the infantry divisions of the first wave. Concise and easy to understand explanations of small military unit organizations. Check your inbox or spam folder to confirm your subscription. Some motorized units had platoons with 3 groups and each group being armed with 1 or 2 LMG's. OUR RESEARCH THEMES Select Theme. Required fields are marked *. Two 15-cm infantry guns. List of German divisions in World War II; List of World War II military units of Germany This page was last edited on 21 March 2020, at 09:57 (UTC). See also. It is designed so that the interested reader can select those volumes of interest to him without having to purchase an entire, very expensive book. In March 1939, the Wehrmacht Supreme Command Oberkommando der Wehrmacht – or OKW for short – was founded to control the operations of the German armed forces. Hitler was commander-in-chief of the Wehrmacht, i.e. 1. Fritz Todt (1891-1942) was an engineer who an early supporter of Hitler and the NAZIs. 3 mountain divisions and 85 light machine guns MG34, The divisions set up with the third and fourth waves had significantly less artillery support than the previous formations. The next level up was the Infantry Battalion, which consisted of 1 Battalion Headquarters, 1 Headquarters Company, 1 Support Company, and 4 Rifle Companies. 16,500-17,200 (35 divisions of 1st wave 18,000, 48 (8 x 15cm, 36 x 10.5cm leFH, 4 x 10.5cm guns), 42 (24 x 10.5cm leFH, 12 x 15cm, 6 x 15cm SIG33 SP-guns), 30 (2 x 2cm, 4 x 8.8 cm, 24 x SdKfz 10/4). Bavaria still had it's own nominally independent army, consisting of the I, II and III Bavarian Army Corps. This division consisted of three infantry regiments (about 2,000 men each), o… Organization of the formations and units of the German Army from the Polish campaign til Operation Barbarossa 1941. For the attack on Russia, the Wehrmacht deployed The army was led by the Army High Command Oberkommando des Heeres – OKH for short – with its general staff. The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht or OKW (Wehrmacht High Command, Armed Forces High Command) was part of the command structure of the German armed forces during World War II. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Instruction video about how the German WWII squad was structured. NOTE: VISITING THIS SITE WITH ENABLED AD BLOCKERS IS PROHIBITED ! Intro – Distribution of Men. Their flexible structure, which was based on the battalion instead of the regiment, as well as their first-class training made them powerful opponents, and they had an elite status within the Wehrmacht. The following accounting of German divisions by month from September 1939 to May 1945 by front was compiled from the works of Georg Tessin in his epic accounting of the Wehrmacht and Waffen SS titled: Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS 1939-1945. The organization of the American First Army on the eve of Operation COBRA is pictured here. Jun 27, 2014 - Infantry Battalion Organization | 1939 infantry division 1 1944 infantry division 1. The operations by the Kriegsmarine in the North and Mid-Atlantic can also be considered as se… 4,010 talking about this. Second, the main source for this is the US Manual “German Squad in Combat” from the Military Intelligence Service released in January 1943. At the time of the mobilization on 26 August 1939, the German army had 51 divisions: 35 infantry divisions, 4 motorized infantry divisions, 5 Panzer (tank) divisions and one tank brigade, 4 light divisions and 3 mountain divisions. The 35 divisions set up as part of the original wave still had a total strength of almost 18,000 men, while the following wave had a total strength of about 15,000 men. After the campaign, however, they lost their third infantry regiment, as these formed additional tank divisions. Welle) Infanterie-Division (2. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Note that each of the four corps contained a different number of divisions. Now in terms of organization and structure, a German Infantry division in 1914 consisted of 2 Infantry brigades, which themselves consisted of 2 Infantry regiments each, which consisted of themselves of 3 infantry battalions and 1 MG Company. of all German armed forces. The German Army which was built up under the Nazi regime and which challenged the world in 1939 was the final product of this study. The main part of each mechanized Army … The 24th Reserve Division fought on the … Later, I have learned programming and the development of computer games, and finally with the Internet, also web design. anchour. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site! Welle) Infanterie-Division (8. Artillery of the Great War. Todt was rewarded for supporting Hitler with the contract to build the Autobahn, the first modern highway system. During World War II, a total of about 13.6 million soldiers served in the German Army.Army personnel were made up of volunteers and conscripts. Neither does it adhere to the traditions of any former German military organization. The Red Army’s WW II organization was a bit different that that of Western armies, which can lead to some confusion. Each battalion consisted of five companies. See also: German Orders of Battle – Operation Barbarossa. r002684 "the british army in wwii; a handbook on the organization, armament, equipment, ranks, uniforms, etc. In 1925, with Germany increasingly departing from the Versailles restrictions, the army set up six posts specifically for interception. The following article on the German Army WW2 is an excerpt from Barrett Tillman’ D-Day Encyclopedia. The German Army, like the U.S. Army, believes in uniform organization for standard units up to and including companies, troops, and batteries. Its official ethos is based on three major themes: the ... (Germany had invaded France twice in living memory, in World War I and World War II, and also defeated France in the Franco-German War of 1870/71; (see also French–German enmity). Reserve-Division) was a unit of the Imperial German Army in World War I. Jun 27, 2014 - Infantry Battalion Organization | 1939 infantry division 1 1944 infantry division 1. 6 7.5-cm infantry guns and Below is the Script to video, note that this is not an article and is probably not really meaningful without the video. Saved from wwiivehicles.com. Germany's Tables of Organization and Equipment (TOE) Saved by Eddie Smith. Heer Organization; Glossary of German Military Terms; WW2 Germany Statistics, Numbers, and Losses; WW2 German Identification Documents and Tags; Weapons and equipment; If you have a question about a concept or something specific, you can post a message in our German Armed Forces Forum. The German Army had four classifications of military service; Active, Reserve, Landwehr and Landsturm. Welle) Infanterie-Division (3. anchour. The organization and conduct of such Kampfgruppen (battle groups) was so impressive that NATO commanders studied them during the Cold War. The Reichswehr's visual acknowledgement of the new National Socialist reality came on 17 February 1934, when the Defense Ministry ordered the Nazi Party eagle-and-swastika, now Germany's National Emblem, to be worn on uniform blouses and headgear effective 1 May. As this chart shows, the First Army, in addition to commanding the four corps, had a variety of supporting military units under its own command. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. The Wehrmacht directed combat operations during World War II (from 1 September 1939 – 8 May 1945) as the German Reich's armed forces umbrella command-organization. For Further Reading. The basic large unit was the Army, of which there were three types: infantry, tank and shock. Most of the heavy anti-aircraft batteries were under the command of the Luftwaffe, but were assigned to the army for special tasks. 3rd Mountain Division 4. 19 tank divisions The success of the German tank formations in the Blitzkrieg was not due the quality of their tanks, which in some respects were inferior to those of their opponents from 1940 to 1942, but in their organizational and tactical superiority. Known as the Infantry Division 1944, this new formation had a strength of 12,772 men as opposed to the 17,734 soldiers of a division in 1939, although its firepower had actually increased. Welle) Infanterie-Division (6. Wehrmachtsgefolge Auxiliary Organizations. Saved from wwiivehicles.com. 6th Mountain Division 7. Learn how your comment data is processed. [amazon_link asins=’1904687466,B074ZMJ74N,1782745920′ template=’ProductGrid’ store=’wwto-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’dd243bb4-b449-4a53-b6a6-1e90c4445475′]. 3,000 men each) and one artillery regiment, as well as supporting division units, such as the anti-tank, signal and reconnaissance Abteilung, as well as ambulance and supply services, the engineer battalion and a field replacement battalion. From 1943, the lack of available replacements for the Wehrmacht began to become apparent, reducing the division’s TOE strength and introducing a new organization. List of German military units of World War II#Army Groups (Heeresgruppen), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_German_Army_Groups_in_WWII&oldid=949232459, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 April 2020, at 09:19. RESEARCH THEMES. The Medium Artillery section was originally not a division unit, which was only made available to the artillery regiment. “Military service is honorary service to the German people. 120 infantry divisions, Approximate organization strength of the major types of the German Army divisions in 1939: Approximate organization strength of the major types of the German Army divisions in 1941: Here to Germany Army Unit Organisation 1942-45. 1st Mountain Division (later 1st VolksgebirgsDivision) 2. The Panzer division during the Polish and Western campaigns consisted of two tank regiments with two battalions each to four companies with 32 tanks each. remarkable expansion of German army communications intelligence in World War II. of all German armed forces. The most important formations in the German army were the division, which consisted of one of the five basic types: infantry, motorized infantry, tank, light or mountain divisions. During the Polish campaign there were four motorized infantry divisions, each consisting of three infantry regiments and one motorized artillery regiment. 157, 15… See also: German Orders of Battle for September 1, 1939. In contrast to the practice in most other armies, the engineer battalion and reconnaissance Abteilung were also combat units, often leading the attacks with flamethrowers and anti-tank guns. German infantry 1940 in street combat. 1942." The regiments were divided into four cavalry squadrons and one ‘heavy’ squadron with six 8 cm mortars and four 7.5 cm cannons with a total strength of about 1,400 men each. German Tank Division (1939) – Organization and Structure – Visualization. It provides a classic case history of how an intelligence organization develops in response to the requirements of intelligence consumers and its success in satisfying them. 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